Washington Civil War Association

Special Orders No. 3
from Colonel Glen Allison,
Second Brigade, Army of the Columbia

1. Special Orders No. 3 supersedes all other orders for the Army of the Columbia.

2. Morning Parade and raising of the colors shall occur at 08:30 on each morning of an event.   Units shall be formed in their company street prior to that time and shall be prepared to form at 08:30.

3. A unit shall be assigned to color detail on a day by day basis and records kept for perusal by unit commanders.   The color detail will raise the flag at morning formation and will lower the flag after the last battle of the day.   The designated unit shall also carry the national colors into battle.    That designated unit must be ready to form at least ten minutes earlier than the rest of the brigade so they do not hold up the formation.

4. Weapons inspection will be held as part of Morning Parade.   All commanders shall make sure that their soldiers attend the Morning Parade with cartridges and musket caps.

5. Company and Battalion level drill will be conducted immediately after Morning Parade each day.   Company commanders will be informed in advance of an event if at all possible regarding drill that will be covered. Cavalry and artillery units will use this time to conduct their own drill and prepare their mounts and equipment for battle.

6. All units are expected to participate in Morning and Evening Parade each day of an event as well as other activities.

7. All units will maintain a company street within the confines of the area set out for Federal forces.

8. Whenever there is room, the camp streets will be at least 6 paces across.   Unit colors will be placed on the color line during the day and muskets will be stacked there, also, during the day.

9. All units shall be formed up in their camp at least one half hour before each battle to allow time for 1st Sergeants to check for ammunition and full canteens and to cap off muskets if necessary.   Companies shall be formed in a battalion formation no later than 15 minutes before battles. They may need to form sooner depending upon the battle scenario.

10. Inspections of camp by battalion staff will be done randomly when possible throughout the day to encourage first person interactions, skits in camp and to inspect weapons and rounds.   These inspections will also look for anachronistic material visible to the public, i.e. FARB.   Company officers and NCO's are responsible for making sure that modern items are hidden before the site opens to the public each day.   These inspections by brigade staff will also be used for living history interactions with the companies.

11. WCWA rules pertaining to vehicles in camp will be followed and monitored by the Battalion Adjutant.

12. Guard Duty will be established by the Sgt. Major and assigned to the units on a rotating basis.   Records will be kept by the Adjutant and be open for review by unit commanders.      Day Guards will be assigned to Battalion Headquarters and to the Color Line between battles.      Those guards are considered to meet part of the requirements for camp streets as outlined in section 13.   Night Guards will be scheduled separately.

13. Each company shall keep at least 1/4 (25%) of their troops in camp during the "spectator time" from opening each day until the first battle and after the last battle of the day until closing when not at battles, drill or parade to interact with the public and be involved in "living history" .   In between battles, each company shall keep at least 1/2 (50%) of their troops in camp for the same reason since living history is part of the WCWA mission statement.

14. Each company shall participate in the living history skits and activities scheduled during the time the camps are open to the public. Sign-up sheets will be sent around and enlisted men, NCO's and officers will be asked to participate at various times throughout the day.

15. Each company shall maintain AT LEAST, IF NOT MORE THAN, ENOUGH canvas and tentage to represent the actual numbers of soldiers in the unit present at the event.   This means AT  LEAST, IF NOT MORE THAN, 1 full dog tent per two soldiers or 1 "A" or "Common" tent per four soldiers.

16. Communication between company commanders and battalion is necessary. Communication lines will always be open.

17. The order of command rank within the battalion will be Battalion Commander 1st, most experienced Unit Commander 2nd if the Battalion Commander does not appoint a temporary replacement.   Should the Battalion Commander not be at an event or should temporarily fall in battle, the most experienced officer (longest time in service as a commander) would assume temporary command of the Battalion for that event or the rest of the battle unless the Colonel revives.

18. Morning Reports will be furnished by Battalion.   Morning Reports shall be turned in each day before Morning Parade at 8:30 A.M.  

19. A list of all participants for the day must be included on the back of the Morning Report including underage (14-15 year olds) and their " battlefield sponsor" for the day.   If this is not done, the report will be handed back and it will be redone to meet requirements.

20. Rank structure should reflect the number of combatants belonging to a company at an event.   No officer will hold a rank higher than 1st Lieutenant unless appointed by the Battalion Commander.   Officers holding the rank of Captain as of last year may retain that rank should they so desire.   The number of officers on the field in each company should reflect the number of troops under their command.

21. The daily schedule for each event will be as follows:  Morning Parade and Weapons Inspection at 08:30, followed by Company and/or Battalion drill.   This is to allow time for church services on Sundays and preparing for battle on all days.   Following drill, companies will be dismissed to the charge of their company commanders.  They will then prepare their companies for battle.   After the 2nd or last battle of the day, companies will go directly to Evening Parade for the lowering of the colors.

22. The consequences for a company arriving late or failing to show up and participate in drill, parade, battle or any other  required functions or activities will be left up to the discretion of the Battalion Commander. If an individual soldier arrives late for a formation, he will not take part in the formation without receiving permission from the Battalion Commander because this disrupts the entire battalion formation.   The consequences of an individual soldier arriving late or failing to show up will be left up to the discretion of that soldier's Company Commander.

23. WCWA safety rules will be enforced.   Any person found in violation of safety rules will be dealt with at that event by the battalion.   Anyone pressing charges or making accusations will need to present witnesses and give specific names of the person or persons involved in the safety violation.

24. The interpretation of Casey's/Hardee's drill is defined by battalion. Any challenges to the battalion's interpretation will be restricted to a time after the troops have been dismissed.

25. Military courtesy will be followed as set forth in the "
Revised Regulations for the United States 1861" at pages 40, 41, 42, and 43 (with excellent details in Joslyn's "Notes on Military Etiquette").   Copies of these will be available upon request. Also, camp etiquette will be followed, i.e. troops will not cut through another camp without permission, etc.   This is part of the ambiance or atmosphere of an event and should be visible to the paying spectators.

26. When possible, written orders will be used to communicate with unit commanders off the battlefield and verbal orders used during battle. Orders may come from the Colonel or from the Adjutant or Sergeant Major as ordered by the Colonel.

27. All unit commanders including Cavalry, Navy, Coast Guard and Medical will be expected to attend an officers call for planning of battles and/or instructions.   These meetings will be held 45 minutes before a battle is scheduled to begin.   For example, if a battle is scheduled for 11 AM, Officer's Call will begin promptly at 10:15 AM  (and will probably end by 10:30).   First sergeants are not required to attend officer's call but they are encouraged to attend so as long as they do not neglect their other duties.

28. The Union Battalion Commander will be the highest authority over Federal military and civilian impressionists in the Federal camp at field events.

29. Enlisted men with complaints, suggestions or other comments shall first consult their Company Commander.   If the matter cannot be handled by the unit commander, said commander shall route the complaint, suggestion or other comment through the Battalion Adjutant.

30. No artillery pieces will be moved during battles unless given specific orders to do so from the battalion commander by way of written order, verbal command or courier from Brigade Headquarters.   If moved, artillery will only move to predetermined positions already marked on the field unless ordered by Brigade Headquarters.

31. Whenever possible, there will be a minimum distance of at least 100 feet separating the military camp from their civilian members camp.

32. Unit commanders are expected to keep and bring copies of unit member's WCWA safety tests to events and have them available for inspection. Only the WCWA safety test will be acceptable (either version). Safety tests may be randomly inspected during camp inspections.  

33. Any units found using underage members, non-members, or non-safety tested members in any capacity on the battlefield will suffer consequences determined by the Battalion Commander.

34. Quiet hours in camp are from 11:00 p.m. to 06:00 a.m.   There will be no removing items from the CSA camps.   This is contrary to the WCWA Bylaws which forbids such actions.    There will be no unscheduled (by both brigade headquarters) skirmishes.   There will be no skirmishing or other combat after dark. 

35. Although each unit commander is the authority regarding authenticity in their particular unit, things like tennis shoes and modern work boots, sun glasses, and wrist watches, etc. shall not be visible to guests or other reenactors.    If a reenactor lacks the proper foot gear, that soldier could go barefoot and set a positive example for his pards.

36. Women in period  civilian clothing are allowed to visit in camp during the day but should have a male escort (military or civilian).   Any soldier in camp shall automatically assist as an escort for any unescorted woman entering the camp.   Involving visiting women in camp theater scenes or vignettes is encouraged.

By order of:

Colonel Glen Allison
Colonel Glen Allison, commanding:
Second Brigade,
Army of the Columbia

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Last updated 12 February 2001 at 2100 hrs.

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